读书偶得

《我们台湾这些年》

当然,说到台湾民主的发展,也不是从美丽岛事件后几个街头运动家或律师开始的。应该说,这些事件都是有连续性的。从国民政府时期陈诚当省主席开始推行的地方自治,到威权当局之下的各级地方代表选举,一直到蒋经国后期的民主化,美丽岛事件只能算是一个引爆加速、激发质变的点而已。

美丽岛、蒋经国解禁只是两个点,不要忽略之前的铺垫、预演,更不要忽略之后李登辉的大力推动。

长久以来,市长都是官派,因此不免沾染官僚习气,且影响到一般公务员,对民众总是爱理不理的。面对这样的一副嘴脸,民众也只能无奈地摇摇头。陈水扁担任市长期间,这种情况有了明显的改善。比如说,与民众生活最息息相关的区公所(区政府)办事处,从前柜台是高高在上的栅栏式,民众必须站着办事,现在改成可与办事人员平起平坐的开放式。并且,民众一坐下,马上就会有人倒茶水给你,原来的晚娘面孔,也取而代之为亲切的笑容。不管他们是不是真心的,至少让民众感觉受到了尊重。公务人员的官僚做事方式有了很大改善,这可能是陈水扁任内最让人称道的地方。

看陈水扁执政期间做过什么,以及如今台湾的公务员态度都很亲民,政府机关可以随便出入使用卫生间,台北市政府一楼办公大厅的氛围,都是从何缘起。

《蒋经国传》

我们共产党在军队中就是唯一的领导者。在每军、师、旅、团中皆有共产党代表,他的权力与军官相同。军部命令如不经党代表签名不能有效,连部中有政治指导员制度,他的任务完全与党代表相同。在在国内战争时期中,党代表除作宣传训练工作外,尚有检查及监视军官命令正确与否的责任。

蒋经国在苏联留学时期,接受红式教育,在日记中,他写下了上面的心得。

《书名忘了》

列宁在《国家与革命》一书中写到,他所谓民主的含义是:“一个阶级对另一个阶级,一部分居民对另一部分居民有系统地使用暴力的组织。”

他公开宣称,对他来说,民主就包含着无产阶级专政,“当有人斥责我们在进行一党专政时……我们说,是的,一党专政,我们就是要一党专政,而且绝对不能没有他”。

何为“一脉相承”。

《The life of Pi》

To prosper, a zoo needs parliamentary government, democratic elections, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of association, rule of law and everything else enshrined in India’s Constitution. Impossible to enjoy the animals otherwise. Long-term, bad politics is bad for business.

People move because of the wear and tear of anxiety. Because of the gnawing feeling that no matter how hard they work their efforts will yield nothing, that what they build up in one year will be torn down in one day by others.Because of the impression that the future is blocked up,that they might do alright but not their children.Because of the feeling that nothing will change, that happiness and prosperity are possible only somewhere else.

少年Pi一家为何要搬家。

Piscine, can this be true?” asked the imam earnestly. “Hindus and Christians are idolaters. They have many gods.”

“And Muslims have many wives,” responded the pandit.

The priest looked askance at both of them. “Piscine,” he nearly whispered, “there is salvation only in Jesus.”

“Balderdash! Christians know nothing about religion,” said the pandit.

“They strayed long ago from God’s path,” said the imam.

“Where’s God in your religion?” snapped the priest. “You don’t have a single miracle to show for it. What kind of religion is that, without miracles?”

“It isn’t a circus with dead people jumping out of tombs all the time, that’s what! We Muslims stick to the essential miracle of existence. Birds flying, rain falling, crops growing—these are miracles enough for us.”

“Feathers and rain are all very nice, but we like to know that God is truly with us.”

三个教的神职人员互相吐槽,这段真有趣。

《三体》

生命从海洋登上陆地是地球生物进化的一个里程碑,但那些上岸的鱼再也不是鱼了;同样,真正进入太空的人,再也不是人了。

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